Mexican History –  Mexican Flag

Mexican History Month:  Evolution of the Mexican Flag

Photo courtesy of Benny Campos

Ric Hajovsky Kicks off Mexican History Month….

Copyright Ric Hajovsky 2018

 

For the 9th year in a row, Cozumel 4 You devotes the month of September, Patriot Month, to learning about Mexican history, culture, and historical figures.  To start off Patriot Month with a bang, Cozumel author Ric Hajovsky guest authors, an article about the evolution of the Mexican flag.

 

The first Bandera Nacional was the standard of the Virgen of Guadalupe, and carried by Miguel Hidalgo during his “Grito de Independencia” in 1810.

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

The next version was the “albiazules” flag of José Maria Morelos y Pavón, which originally had the Virgin Mary in the center, but was soon replaced by the eagle on the cactus (read about this eagle on a cactus in my next article), below:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

In 1821, Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero raised the first tri-color flag at the end of the War of Independence, below:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

A little later in 1821, Agustín de Iturbide changed the flag to the form we know today, below:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

In 1863, France invaded Mexico and placed Maximilian of the house of  Hapsburg on the throne of Mexico, and he created a new national flag:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

After the death of Maximiliano I, several flags resembling the previous 1863 form were used by President Benito Juárez, but the design was not standardized until President Porfirio Díaz adopted the one below:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

In 1916, Presidente Venustiano Carranza adopted the present flag (officially known as the “Cuarto Bandera Nacional”) which remained basically the same until 1968, when the escudo in the center was “touched up and improved”.  This “touched-up” version was officially adopted by law on February 24, 1984.

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

Ric Hajovsky’s newest book, The True History of Cozumel, is available in English as a paperback or Kindle eBook on Amazon.com

 

Mes de la historia de México: evolución de la

Photo Courtesy of Sharon DiStaulo

bandera mexicana

Ric Hajovsky inaugura el mes de la historia mexicana . . .

Derechos de autor Ric Hajovsky 2018

Por 9º año consecutivo, Cozumel 4 You dedica Septiembre, el Mes Patrio, para aprender sobre la historia, cultura y personajes históricos mexicanos. Para comenzar el Mes Patrio con gran bombo, Ric Hajovsky, autor radicado en Cozumel, escribe una artículo sobre la evolución de la bandera mexicana. 

 

La primera bandera nacional fue el estandarte dedicado a la Virgen de Guadalupe que en el año 1810 portaba Miguel Hidalgo al momento de proclamar el Grito de Independencia.

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

La siguiente fue la bandera albiazul adoptada por José María Morelos y Pavón que al centro mostraba a la Virgen María y cuya imagen luego fue sustituida por el águila posada sobre el nopal (lean acerca del águila posada sobre el nopal en el siguiente artículo), abajo:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

A finales de la Guerra de Independencia, Agustín de Iturbide y Vicente Guerrero en el año 1821 levaron la primera bandera tricolor; abajo:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

Poco después en el año 1821 Agustín de Iturbide cambio la bandera a la forma que conocemos en la actualidad; abajo:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

Francia invadió México en 1863, colocando a Maximiliano de Habsburgo en el trono de México; éste creó una nueva bandera nacional:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

Después del fallecimiento de Maximiliano I, el presidente Benito Juárez utilizó diversas banderas similares en forma a la del año 1863, sin embargo el diseño no fue uniforme sino hasta que el presidente Porfirio Díaz adoptó la que aparece a continuación:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

Para 1916 el presidente Venustiano Carranza adoptó la bandera actual (a la que oficialmente se le conoce como la Cuarta Bandera Nacional) que permaneció casi igual hasta 1968 cuando el escudo al centro fue retocado y mejorado. Esta versión “retocada” fue aprobada por la ley en Febrero 24, 1984:

Photo Courtesy of Ric Hajovsky

 

El libro más reciente de Ric Hajovsky, La Verdadera Historia de Cozumel, está disponible en inglés o espanol a través e Amazon.com en tapa blanda o libro electrónico Kindle.

 

Ric Hajovsky

Ric Hajovsky says:

“When a false statement is repeated often enough, people begin to believe it.A lack of qualifications or bona fides on the part of the ‘authority’ responsible for the misstatement makes no difference; if it is repeated frequently enough it takes on the cloak of respectability and is reiterated, retweeted, or reposted by the gullible.Eventually, the falsehood becomes entrenched in the odd mix of facts and fiction known as ‘common belief.’Once accepted into this corpus of flawed data, these mistakes, misstatements and misunderstandings are nearly impossible to remove or correct.As the old saying goes, ‘it is easier to hoodwink someone than it is to convince them that they have been hoodwinked.’

These commonly-held, but mistaken beliefs are rarely disputed.That is because shouting ‘The King has no clothes!’ rarely has a satisfying outcome for the one first pointing out the faux pas.However, this will not deter me from continuing to point out and correct the errors, inaccuracies and outright frauds that continue to be quoted as the ‘facts’ of Cozumel’s history.”

Ric Hajovsky’s newest book, The True History of Cozumel, is available in English as a paperback or Kindle eBook on Amazon.com

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