The Significance of February 5th In Mexico – 100 years

Monica Sauza explains Mexican Constitution Day…

Photo courtesy of Benny Campos

Many of you might wonder why this upcoming Monday banks, government offices, and some private offices will be closed to the public. The official celebration is February 5th, the Mexican Constitution Day; however, for some years now, National holidays in Mexico are observed on days other than those of the anniversary, this in order to prevent long 4 or 5 day weekends.

February 5th celebrates the day when the Constitution that currently governs the country was promulgated. Its official name is Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, Constitution of the United Mexican States, also known as the Magna Carta or Fundamental Statute.

Mexico has had several Constitutions since 1812 but the 1917 one which containing 136 articles is the one that rules. As Article 135 allows reforming and supplementing the contents of the Constitution, so far since 1917 it has been reformed around 200 times. It was the first Constitution in history that included many social rights (human rights, individual guarantees, Mexican citizenship, et. al). Amongst others, defines the structure and relations of the federal powers with those of the federal, state and municipal governments and citizens, peoples’ rights and duties, etc.. And unlike Constitutions of other countries, Mexico does not have a vice-president and it does not allow presidents, governors, mayors and other government officials to run for reelection.

La importancia del 5 de Febrero – 100 años

Muchos de ustedes tal vez se pregunten por qué el próximo lunes los bancos, oficinas de gobierno y

Photo Courtesy of Andrew and

algunas oficinas particulares estarán cerradas al público. La celebración oficial es el 5 de febrero, el Día de la Constitución; sin embargo, desde hace ya varios años, los días feriados a nivel nacional en México se observan en días distintos a los de los aniversarios, ello con el objeto de evitar fines de semana largos de 4 o 5 días.

Febrero 5 es el día que se celera la promulgación de la Constitución que actualmente rige el país. Su

nombre oficial es Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, también conocida como la Carta Magna o  Norma Fundamental

Desde el año de 1812 México ha tenido diversas Constituciones, sin embargo la Constitución del año 1917 que contiene 136 es la que rige. Y en virtud de que su Artículo 135 permite la reforma y completos a su contenido, desde 1917 hasta ahora ha sido reformada algo así como 200 ocasiones. Esta fue la primera Constitución en la historia que incluyó muchos derechos sociales (derechos humanos, garantías individuales, ciudadanía mexicana, Entre otros, define la estructura y relaciones de los poderes federales con aquellos del  gobierno federal, estatal y municipal así como de los ciudadanos; los derechos y deberes del pueblo, etc.  Y a diferencia de las Constituciones de otros países, México no tiene vicepresidente y no se permite la reelección de presidentes, gobernadores, alcaldes u otros funcionarios de gobierno.



Monica Sauza

Translator & Author at Cozumel 4 You
Another escapee from Mexico City, Monica has made Cozumel her definite home. Since her arrival in 1981 she’s worked in tourism in all the usual venues: hotels, scuba diving, airport, ferries, etc., also as legal assistant until the opportunity to practice her interests and career grew. Monica has provided consulting services, interpreting & translating documents and has assisted foreigners and Island residents to establish residence and businesses. She’s been an Expert Translator appointed by the State Supreme Court since 1997.
Monica Sauza

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